24-hour action similar to insulin glargine U-1001

Insulin action profiles of once-dailya Levemir® and insulin glargine U-100 were similar at clinically relevant doses.1

Graph profiling the Levemir® duration of action

 

Results from a 24-hour, randomized, double-blind, parallel group comparison of the pharmacodynamic properties of Levemir® and insulin glargine U-100 in patients with type 2 diabetes under glucose clamp conditions (N=27). A 1.4-units/kg dose was also studied in this trial, with no observed difference in pharacodynamic profile.1

Adapted from Klein et al, 2007.1

 


 

Patients with type 2 diabetes

Levemir® once dailya demonstrated a similar glucose-lowering effect over 24 hours compared with insulin glargine U-1002

Levemir® glucose-lowering effect vs insulin glargine U-100

 

Results from a 24-hour, randomized, double-blind, crossover study of 29 patients with type 2 diabetes to evaluate whether Levemir® and insulin glargine U-100 once daily yield similar 24-hour glycemic control. Patients were randomized to a single daily injection of Levemir® or insulin glargine U-100 at 8 PM. Insulin dose was titrated to achieve blood glucose goals of 70-120 mg/dL, with <5% of the readings <70 mg/dL between 12 AM and 6 AM. Patients were switched after 2 consecutive days at goal.2

Adapted from King, 2009.2


aLevemir® can be dosed once or twice daily.3


Tresiba® logo


Consider Tresiba® for your patients: The only basal insulin proven to last at least 42 hours.4,b

Patients who miss a dose of Tresiba® should inject their daily dose during waking hours upon discovering the missed dose, then continue with their regular dosing schedule. Ensure that at least 8 hours have elapsed between Tresiba® injections.4 

bAfter the last of 8 once-daily injections (0.4 units/kg).

Please scroll below for Tresiba® Important Safety Information


Related Levemir® Efficacy Topics:

Selected Important Safety Information

Contraindications

  • Levemir® is contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity to Levemir® or any of its excipients.

Warnings and Precautions

  • Never Share a Levemir® FlexTouch® Between Patients, even if the needle is changed. Sharing poses a risk for transmission of blood-borne pathogens.
  • Dosage adjustment and monitoring: Monitor blood glucose in all patients treated with insulin. Insulin regimens should be modified cautiously and only under medical supervision. Changes in insulin strength, manufacturer, type, or method of administration may result in the need for a change in insulin dose or an adjustment of concomitant anti-diabetic treatment.
  • Administration: Do not dilute or mix with any other insulin or solution. Do not administer subcutaneously via an insulin pump, intramuscularly, or intravenously because severe hypoglycemia can occur. 

Selected Important Safety Information

Contraindications

  • Tresiba® is contraindicated during episodes of hypoglycemia and in patients with hypersensitivity to Tresiba® or one of its excipients

Warnings and Precautions

  • Never Share a Tresiba® FlexTouch® Pen Between Patients, even if the needle is changed. Sharing poses a risk for transmission of blood-borne pathogens
  • Monitor blood glucose in all patients treated with insulin. Changes in insulin may affect glycemic control. These changes should be made cautiously and under medical supervision. Adjustments in concomitant oral anti-diabetic treatment may be needed
  • Hypoglycemia is the most common adverse reaction of insulin, including Tresiba®, and may be life-threatening

Levemir® (insulin detemir [rDNA origin] injection) Indications and Usage

  • Levemir® (insulin detemir [rDNA origin] injection) is indicated to improve glycemic control in adults and children with diabetes mellitus.

Important Limitations of Use

  • Levemir® is not recommended for the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis. Intravenous rapid-acting or short-acting insulin is the preferred treatment for this condition.

Important Safety Information

Contraindications

  • Levemir® is contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity to Levemir® or any of its excipients.

Warnings and Precautions

  • Never Share a Levemir® FlexTouch® Between Patients, even if the needle is changed. Sharing poses a risk for transmission of blood-borne pathogens.
  • Dosage adjustment and monitoring: Monitor blood glucose in all patients treated with insulin. Insulin regimens should be modified cautiously and only under medical supervision. Changes in insulin strength, manufacturer, type, or method of administration may result in the need for a change in the insulin dose or an adjustment of concomitant anti-diabetic treatment.
  • Administration: Do not dilute or mix with any other insulin or solution. Do not administer subcutaneously via an insulin pump, intramuscularly, or intravenously because severe hypoglycemia can occur.

  • Hypoglycemia: Hypoglycemia is the most common adverse reaction of insulin therapy and may be life-threatening. When a GLP-1 receptor agonist is used in combination with Levemir®, the Levemir® dose may need to be lowered or more conservatively titrated to minimize the risk of hypoglycemia.

  • Hypersensitivity and allergic reactions: Severe, life-threatening, generalized allergy, including anaphylaxis, can occur with insulin products, including Levemir®.

  • Renal and hepatic impairment: Careful glucose monitoring and dose adjustments of insulin, including Levemir®, may be necessary in patients with renal or hepatic impairment.
  • Drug interactions: Some medications may alter insulin requirements and subsequently increase the risk for hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia.
  • Fluid retention and heart failure with concomitant use of PPAR-gamma agonists: Fluid retention and heart failure can occur with concomitant use of thiazolidinediones (TZDs), which are PPAR-gamma agonists, and insulin, including Levemir®. Patients should be observed for signs and symptoms of heart failure. If heart failure occurs, dosage reduction or discontinuation of the TZD must be considered.

Adverse Reactions

  • Adverse reactions associated with Levemir® include hypoglycemia, allergic reactions, injection site reactions, lipodystrophy, rash, pruritus, and if taken with a GLP-1 receptor agonist, diarrhea.

Use in Specific Populations

  • Levemir® has not been studied in children with type 2 diabetes or in children with type 1 diabetes who are younger than 2 years of age.

  • The background risk of birth defects, pregnancy loss, or other adverse events that exists for all pregnancies is increased in pregnancies complicated by hyperglycemia.

Please click here for Prescribing Information.

 

Indications and Usage

Tresiba® (insulin degludec injection) is indicated to improve glycemic control in adults with diabetes mellitus.

Limitations of Use

Tresiba® is not recommended for treating diabetic ketoacidosis.

Important Safety Information

Contraindications

  • Tresiba® is contraindicated during episodes of hypoglycemia and in patients with hypersensitivity to Tresiba® or one of its excipients

Warnings and Precautions

  • Never Share a Tresiba® FlexTouch® Pen Between Patients, even if the needle is changed. Sharing poses a risk for transmission of blood-borne pathogens
  • Monitor blood glucose in all patients treated with insulin. Changes in insulin may affect glycemic control. These changes should be made cautiously and under medical supervision. Adjustments in concomitant oral anti-diabetic treatment may be needed
  • Hypoglycemia is the most common adverse reaction of insulin, including Tresiba®, and may be life-threatening. Increase monitoring with changes to: insulin dose, co-administered glucose lowering medications, meal pattern, physical activity; and in patients with hypoglycemia unawareness or renal or hepatic impairment
  • Accidental mix-ups between basal insulin products and other insulins, particularly rapid-acting insulins, have been reported. To avoid medication errors, always instruct patients to check the insulin label before each injection
  • Severe, life-threatening, generalized allergy, including anaphylaxis, can occur with insulin products, including Tresiba®
  • As with all insulins, Tresiba® use can lead to life-threatening hypokalemia, which then may cause respiratory paralysis, ventricular arrhythmia, and death. Closely monitor potassium levels in patients at risk of hypokalemia and treat if indicated
  • Fluid retention and heart failure can occur with concomitant use of thiazolidinediones (TZDs), which are PPAR-gamma agonists, and insulin, including Tresiba®. Patients should be observed for signs and symptoms of heart failure. If heart failure occurs, dosage reduction or discontinuation of the TZD must be considered

Adverse Reactions

  • Adverse reactions commonly associated with Tresiba® are hypoglycemia, allergic reactions, injection site reactions, lipodystrophy, pruritus, rash, edema, and weight gain

Drug Interactions

  • Certain drugs may affect glucose metabolism, requiring insulin dose adjustment and close monitoring of blood glucose. The signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia may be reduced or absent in patients taking anti-adrenergic drugs (e.g., beta-blockers, clonidine, guanethidine, and reserpine)

Please click here for Prescribing Information.

 

References

  1. Klein O, Lynge J, Endhal L, Damholt B, Nosek L, Heise T. Albumin-bound basal insulin analogues (insulin detemir and NN344): comparable time-action profiles but less variability than insulin glargine in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2007;9(3):290-299.
  2. King AB. Once-daily insulin detemir is comparable to once-daily insulin glargine in providing glycaemic control over 24 h in patients with type 2 diabetes: a double-blind, randomized, crossover study. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2009;11(1):69-71.
  3. Levemir [package insert]. Plainsboro, NJ: Novo Nordisk Inc; 2015.
  4. Tresiba [package insert]. Plainsboro, NJ: Novo Nordisk Inc; June 2016.